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I’m an independent IT consultant and entrepreneur in the Internet and software business. I’m interested in design, enterprise applications, web apps and SaaS products. I design and develop business solutions and applications. I help companies in terms of software quality and knowledge transfer, e.g. with Angular and Spring Boot.

Keeping a Record of Software Architecture Decisions

The need for asynchronous communication in organisations has become particularly obvious since 2020, when remote work and distributed work environments rapidly became the default setting for knowledge workers. Asynchronous communication essentially means that instead of exclusively communicating objectives, goals and the way by which to achieve them in-person (i.e. synchronously with everyone involved present at the same time - whether on-site or in a virtual space such as Slack or Zoom) we try and keep a digital record of decisions, the decision ... Read more

Working Across Timezones in Remote Work Settings and Distributed Environments

When working in a distributed environment or remote work environment, as is increasingly - and quite fortunately - becoming the default for knowledge workers, and the software industry in particular, chances are, rather sooner than later you'll be collaborating across timezones. I'm currently collaborating with people from EDT, GMT, CEST, MYT, JST, and AEST timezones, for instance. Asynchronous communication is crucial in a remote work setting already when no time differences are involved. It becomes absolutely vital when people from different timezones depend ... Read more

Blogumentation Revisited

Some time ago I wrote about a process called "blogumentation": Derived from the insight that arguably the best way to learn something and to internalise knowledge is to write about it and to try and explain that knowledge to others, blogumentation essentially means writing about a subject matter (e.g. a solution to a particular programming problem or a new practice you've just learned about) that you consider worth documenting and publishing the result. It means that instead of documenting something just for ... Read more

CORS: What It Is and How It Works

Expanding on last week's article on best practices for REST API Design I'd like to point to a specific aspect working REST APIs frequently entails: A browser security feature called "Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS)". This feature allows you to define which resources provided by a web application are supposed to be accessible from which origin, which in turn typically is comprised of protocol, host / domain name and port. This website's origin for example is https://bjoernkw.com:80 (port 80 is the default port ... Read more

REST API Design: Best Practices

It's probably safe to say that REST (REpresentational State Transfer - originally described by Roy Fielding) is the most widely used architectural pattern when it comes to APIs in web application contexts. From statelessness, to self-descriptive messages, and hypermedia as the engine of application state (HATEOAS) REST comes with quite a few principles, constraints, patterns, and flavours, not all of which are used or applied consistently with each REST API. REST often is a rather loosely-applied architectural pattern or a continuum, on ... Read more

Stratospheric – Almost in Orbit: Three More Chapters Available

Last week, we released the fourth version of of our eBook "Stratospheric - From Zero to Production with Spring Boot and AWS"! Again, about two months have passed since the last release in February 2021. We hope that you like the new content we've been working on during that time. These are the new chapters you'll get with the latest update: ​ Building a Continuous Deployment Pipeline: Software delivery performance is highly correlated with organizational performance, so we'll want to deploy often. That means ... Read more

A Simple Yet Powerful Tool: Decision Tables

Decision tables are a tool for specifying which actions to perform given a number of conditions. They represent business logic in terms of rules for connecting actions with required conditions for those actions. While they might appear deceptively simple and trivial they can be a tremendously powerful tool for defining business logic and certain types of software requirements. This article on Decision Table Patterns by Hillel Wayne describes the general concept as well as patterns, techniques, and best practices for using decision ... Read more

Stratospheric – Three New Chapters!

Last week, we released the 3rd iteration of our eBook Stratospheric - From Zero to Production with Spring Boot and AWS. Roughly two months have passed since the last release in December 2020. We hope that we've made good use of this time by adding a few more chapters, as well as by improving and "refactoring" some of the already existing content. ​ The latest release contains these new chapters: Designing a Deployment Project with CDK: Building upon our First Steps with CDK we'll go ... Read more

Five Articles on Software Quality and Design Patterns

This week I'd like to point you to five articles I previously posted on this blog and from which I think that they're as relevant as they were at the time. The first three are about general software design principles, software architecture and software quality while the final two refer to specific best practices and common design patterns for Angular: Writing Disposable Code, Not Reusable Code (November 06, 2016) What Causes Over-engineering and How Can You Prevent It? (April 16, 2017) Less Is More ... Read more

Managing Permissions with IAM – Sample From “Stratospheric – From Zero to Production with Spring Boot and AWS”

The following is an excerpt from the chapter on "Managing Permissions with IAM" from the eBook "Stratospheric – From Zero to Production with Spring Boot and AWS" I'm currently writing together with Tom Hombergs and Philip Riecks. You can get the eBook over at Leanpub. Managing Permissions with IAM When deploying applications to a cloud service such as AWS, reliable security concepts are key. After all, we not only want to protect our users' data but also make sure that security within our organization ... Read more
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